FROM THE DIRECTOR'S DESK...
The annual plan is in and the results are back - we have received approval
to conduct up to eight technology transfer workshops in the basin for the
2000-2001 fiscal year. We kicked off our new round of workshops
with New Methods for Acquiring
Permeability Data from Appalachian Basin Reservoir Rocks
in Morgantown on October 11,
and followed it with the Nuts and
Bolts of Digital Geologic Analysis
workshop in Akron on October 25. As I write this, we are making arrangements for
an Advanced Exploitation Technology
for Managers workshop to be held
December 13 at the DOE conference center on Collins Ferry Road in Morgantown.
For details, see the calendar section on this website.
We plan to host several workshops in the January to July time frame,
including using free remote sensing information available on the internet for
oil and gas exploration; an update on the Trenton play; and a session on gas
storage. Be sure to check back for more information.
The PTTC effort in the basin is now six years old and we have a new national
Executive Director. Don Duttlinger succeeded Deborah Rowell following her
retirement on July 1, and has vigorously attacked the challenges associated with
his new position. Don brings a solid background and an enthusiasm to the position
that can lead to nothing but success. He has already visited the basin on three
occasions, and may attend the December 13 workshop. In August, Don met with the
10 Regional Lead Organization Directors in Pittsburgh to introduce himself and get
to know them. He returned for the Eastern Regional SPE meeting in Morgantown in
October, and has since visited NETL to meet the key supporters of PTTC in the lab.
Don is a very open person, so do not be afraid to contact him directly. Currently,
he is concerned with the long term growth of PTTC, so he would appreciate being able
to document expressions of support from the independent producing community.
Douglas G. Patchen,
Appalachian Region Director,
DOE PRESENTS TWO AWARDS TO PTTC'S FOUNDING EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR
Deborah Rowell, founding executive director of the Petroleum Technology Transfer
Council, received two special awards from the U.S. Department of Energy at a farewell
dinner in her honor in Washington, D.C. Dr. Arthur Hartstein, representing DOE's Washington
presented Deborah with an appreciation plaque for her outstanding service as the
first Executive Director of PTTC.
Dr. William Lawson and Michael Ray, representing the National Petroleum Technology
Office (NPTO) in Tulsa, presented a special plaque that read:
"We recognize and deeply appreciate your
outstanding leadership and tireless, personal dedication in creating and managing
the PTTC...You made a difference that will shape the future for oil technology
Ms. Rowell, who served from 1994 to 2000, is now president of Encore
Consulting, LLC in Alexandria, VA.
PREFERRED UPSTREAM MANAGEMENT PRACTICES (PUMP)
DOE has initiated the Preferred Upstream Management Practices (PUMP) program as a
near-term effort designed to reverse the decline in domestic oil production by
encouraging implementation of the most effective upstream management practices that
can be identified and transferred into a region. The program is aimed specifically
at oil production.
The PUMP program employs four strategies for a rapid impact on oil production: a
focus on identifying constraints to production in regions that present the biggest
potential for additional oil production; identifying the preferred management
practices to address the constraints on production; documentation of the validity of
these preferred practices through targeted field demonstrations or documentation of
successful applications; and using established technology transfer mechanisms to give producers access to the information.
DOE recently issued a call for proposals under this program. Proposals could be
for either a field demonstration project, or to create a best practices council in a
region. The goal of the best practices council is to establish a self-sustaining
system to identify production constraints and solve them through region-specific
preferred management practices. The up to date compilation of constraints and
preferred practices would be available to all producers on the internet.
Updated information on the projects selected for funding will be available on
the internet at www.npto.doe.gov. The
Appalachian Oil and Natural Gas Consortium, the Regional Lead Organization for the
PTTC program in the Appalachian basin, submitted a proposal to create a best
practices group and use the existing technology transfer mechanisms developed
through the PTTC program in this new effort.
GRI RELEASES LATEST IN GAS RESOURCE MAP SERIES
The Gas Research Institute, now the Gas Technology Institute (GTI) recently
released their AUnited States Fractured
Shale Gas Resource Map, the third in a series that includes earlier releases of the
ANorth American Gas Quality Resource Map
@ (2000) and the
ANorth American Coalbed Methane Resource
Map@ (1999). The fractured shale resource
map shows the locations of established gas and oil production, recent wells,
exploratory tests and basin outlines across the United States. Blowups provide
additional detail for the New Albany Shale and Antrim Shale productive areas in
the east, and the Lewis Shale and Barnett Shale productive areas in the west.
Data provided for the Appalachian, Illinois, Michigan, Fort Worth and San Juan
basins include the major shale formation, basin area, total organic carbon,
thermal maturity, shale gas in place estimates, and the estimated recoverable
shale gas resource. For the Appalachian basin, the range in gas in place is from
225 to 248 Tcf, while the estimated recoverable gas resource ranges from 14.5 to
27.5 Tcf. A second table includes key reservoir properties for the five main
productive shales, the Ohio, Antrim, New Albany, Lewis and Barnett. The twenty
two data parameters include depth, thickness, TOC%, porosity, permeability, gas
content, reservoir pressure, production, recovery factor and well costs. Shale gas
production (in Bcf) from these five shales for the period 1979 to 1999 is shown in
a color-coded bar graph. Production from the Ohio Shale has been fairly consistent
during that period (100-125 Bcf/yr), whereas production from the Antrim Shale has
increased from nothing to approximately 200 Bcf/year.
The gas quality resource map indicates that the western margin of the Appalachian
basin in Ohio, northwestern Pennsylvania and western New York is an area with greater than 4% nitrogen. A data table is included that lists the top 50 sub-quality formation categories ranked by undiscovered resource. In the Appalachian basin, the Clinton/Medina of Ohio has approximately 8,334 Bcf of high nitrogen gas, the Devonian shale of Ohio has another 5,196 Bcf, and the Clinton/Media of New York 1,245 Bcf of high nitrogen gas.
The coal bed methane resource map indicates that the Appalachian basin contains
61 Tcf in gas resources in southwestern Pennsylvania and northern West Virginia,
and another 6 Tcf in southern West Virginia and southwestern Virginia. A table of
reservoir properties for the two areas gives the number of wells (in 1996),
cumulative production (for 1981-1996), typical net coal thickness, typical gas
content, average well production and estimated undiscovered gas resources (2.8 Tcf
for the central area, 42.1 Tcf for the northern area). Graphs of coal bed methane
production since 1984 show the dramatic increase nationwide in production from coals
in both older basins and emerging basins. Production from the San Juan basin dwarfs
production from the Warrior and Appalachian basins, but the increase in production
in the four emerging basins is led by the Central Appalachian basin.
EASTERN STATES EXPLORATION WINNER OF IOGCC'S STEWARDSHIP AWARD
Eastern States Exploration Company (ESEC) , a division of Statoil Energy Inc, is
the 2000 winner of the Chairman's Stewardship Award in the Independent/Small Company
category. ARCO Alaska, Inc was the winner in the Major/Large Company category.
These awards are given annually by the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission.
ESEC was honored for their continued, long-term cooperative effort with the
Pennsylvania Game Commission and the Pennsylvania Bureau of Forestry to foster
tree planting on the Sproul State Forest near Snow Shoe, Pennsylvania. Under
this program, landowners who have recreational cabins near well locations or
pipeline rights-of-way are given trees and shrubs to plant to improve the wildlife
habitat in those areas. In 1998, 160 cabin owners were offered seedlings, and more
than 15,000 trees and shrubs were planted by these cabin owners and ESEC employees.
ESEC, who has conducted this program for eight consecutive years, also was nominated
for this award in 1999 when it was won by Prima Energy Corporation for their project
that eliminated the need for earthen reserve pits while drilling wells in the
Julesburg Basin in Colorado.
Cabot Oil and Gas company also was nominated in the Independent/Small Producer
category in both 1999 and 2000 in recognition of their drillsite reclamation efforts
in Highland County, Virginia. Cabot's extra efforts during the construction,
drilling and reclamation demonstrated their commitment to a sound ethic and a
respect for the people of Highland County. The practice of saving topsoil,
eliminating highwalls and establishing excellent stands of vegetation have
left a positive impression among the people and state agencies involved in the
HISTORY OF THE OIL INDUSTRY 2001 SYMPOSIUM AND FIELD TRIPS
The Drake Well Foundation has released their first announcement for their June 20-23, 2001 symposium and field trips on the history of the oil industry in Oil City, PA.. The 3-day program will consist of a day and a half of invited lectures by 16 members of industry, academia and government, followed by a day and a half field trip. Symposium topics include all aspects of the history of the worldwide industry - early exploration, production, transportation and refining, as well as current historical preservation efforts. Posters also will be exhibited. The field trip through Oil Creek Valley will showcase historical sites, industrial artifacts and relics from America=s first oil area.
The Holiday Inn in Oil City, PA will be the headquarters hotel for the symposium. More information is available on the web at www.oilhistory.com. The early registration deadline to save $50 on the registration fee is March 31, 2001.
TEST SHOWS DOWNHOLE MIXING TECHNOLOGY CAN INCREASE PRODUCTION
DOE has announced that one of their funded projects in New Mexico has shown that mixing the fluids used to fracture a natural gas well at the bottom of the well rather than at the surface could lead to a better, safer and less expensive way to obtain additional gas from low-producing wells.
RealTimeZone Inc,. of Roswell, NM used the downhole mixing technique for the first time in a 12,300-foot gas well in Carlsbad, NM that had been scheduled for plugging. The new technology increased the flow from the well by 300 Mcf per day, at a fracturing cost reduction of approximately 50 percent.
RealTimeZone's technique differs from conventional fracturing in that the
fracture fluid is mixed downhole rather than on the surface. This allows the
fluid to be changed right at the formation, giving operators more control over
the fracturing process. Changes in stimulation pressures monitored at
the surface allow the operators to know if the fracture is being created as planned. If necessary, operators can change the fluid mixture to ensure that a fracture is propagated in the desired direction.
This downhole mixing method also uses lower treating pressures which makes the stimulation safer, as well as less expensive. DOE estimates that if this technology could be used on just 20 percent of the annual fracture stimulations in the U.S., it could save industry more than $100 million per year. This saving could lower gas prices and allow companies to apply additional resources toward the exploration and production of more domestic natural gas.
For more information contact Robert C. Porter, DOE Office of Fossil Energy, 202/586-6053, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org, or Otis Mills, Jr., National Energy Technology Laboratory, 412/386-5890, e-mail email@example.com. For technical information, contact Gary L. Kovatch, NETL, 304/285-4589, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
GTI REPORT PROVIDES DETAILED OUTLOOK FOR GAS SUPPLY TRENDS
The Gas Technology Institute (GTI), which was created through the merger of GRI
and the Institute of Gas Technology, has released its 2000 Gas Supply Insights
report (GRI-00/0005), documenting the comprehensive gas supply analysis done as part
of the 2000 Edition of the GRI Baseline Projection of U.S. Energy Supply and
The 104-page report outlines the sources of gas supply and projects what each
region will contribute to the anticipated 30 Tcf gas market of the near future.
The Gulf of Mexico and western Canada are projected to be the two largest incremental
production regions, followed by the Rocky Mountain region.
The highly graphical format presents an overview of the key gas supply trends
from the 2000 GRI Baseline Projection. It includes hard-to-get historical data,
and extends projections forward in yearly increments to 2015. A unique feature of
the report is the presentation of energy supply information at a regional level.
Natural gas, oil and gas liquids data are presented by producing area, covering
ten lower-48 and four Canadian supply regions. The report includes particular
detail on the Gulf of Mexico by water depth interval for both shelf and slope plays.
Examples of the type of detailed information at the regional level include:
1) Resource measures, i.e., undiscovered resource and economically recoverable
resource by type of gas source; 2) Gas prices, i.e., wellhead prices for the
lower-48 and four Canadian supply regions and accompanying benchmark spot-market
or city-gate prices; 3) Gas production and deliverability, including annual
production, deliverability and utilization ratios; and 4) Activity measures, including total well activity covering oil, gas and dry holes, success rates for exploratory and development wells, and recoveries per gas well.
For further information contact John Cochener, GTI Baseline Center, Arlington,
VA at 703/526-7834; fax 703-526-7805; e-mail email@example.com.
MATHER MEDAL PRESENTED TO DR. BENJAMIN H. RICHARDS
Benjamin H. Richards, Professor Emeritus of Geology at Wright State University in
Dayton, Ohio, received the Ohio Division of Geological Survey's prestigious Mather
Medal at a banquet at the Ohio State University, October 20, 2000. The medal, named
for Ohio's first State Geologist,
William W. Mather (1837-38), is given to an individual who has made an outstanding
contribution to the advancement of knowledge of Ohio geology.
Dr. Richard's research as a geophysicist and environmental geologist has taken
him from Ohio's Precambrian basement, through the Phanerozoic to the glacial sediments mantling the surface. Our
congratulations to Dr. Richards, who was a frequent registrant and speaker at
our annual Appalachian Petroleum Geology Symposium.
DOE'S TULSA OFFICE TO BECOME OIL TECHNOLOGY ARM OF NETL
The U.S. Department of Energy's primary field office for petroleum technology in
Tulsa, OK will become part of the agency's
national laboratory complex as an arm of the National Energy Technology Laboratory
(NETL) in Morgantown, WV. Energy Secretary Bill Richardson said he was taking this
action to "elevate the status of the
department's petroleum research program"
and to "streamline the coordination throughout our research complex in developing
advances that can benefit our domestic producers.
The change in status should provide for a better technology exchange between the oil exploration and production efforts in Tulsa and the natural gas research in NETL.
Previously, the Tulsa office, the National Petroleum Technology Office, operated as a separate part of the Energy Department=s Fossil Energy organization. With this change, the office will report to the National Energy Technology Lab in Morgantown and Pittsburgh, DOE=s primary fossil fuel research center. The office will be a separately identifiable group within NETL, comparable to the new Strategic Center for Natural Gas which oversees a wide range of natural gas related activities.
GEOLOGIC SEQUESTRATION OF CARBON DIOXIDE
The Kentucky Geological Survey received $476,000 as part of a $2.4 million grant
from the U.S. Department of Energy for a 3-year, multi-state research project to
investigate methods to reduce concentrations of carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas.
Throughout the past 100 years the combustion of fossil fuels has increased the
emissions of carbon dioxide that may be contributing to global warming.
Geologic sequestration - the process of injecting carbon dioxide into underground
geologic formations - may be one way to safely manage carbon dioxide emissions over
long periods of time.
Potential sites in Kentucky for
sequestering carbon dioxide
include oil and gas fields, unmineable coal beds, abandoned underground coal mines
and saline aquifers. This process may also have the potential to enhance the
production of oil and natural gas and provide economic uses for wells and mines that
otherwise would be uneconomic.
Geologists at KGS will cooperate with researchers in four other states to develop a database of regional information on carbon dioxide sources and potential sites for geologic remediation. For more information contact Jim Drahovzal at 859/257-5500 ext. 154, or firstname.lastname@example.org.
TRANS ENERGY SIGNS AGREEMENT TO LEASE ACREAGE IN TRENTON PLAY
Trans Energy Corporation has entered into an agreement with International Oil & Gas Inc. of Dallas and Jayhawk Resources LLC of Arlington, TX to lease over 5,000 acres in West Virginia to test the Ordovician Trenton and Black River formations. A Trans Energy news release cited recent discoveries by Columbia Natural Resources as being very prolific, with the initial discovery well flowing in excess of 50,000 Mcf per day at a pressure in excess of 6,000 psi. Trans Energy also made reference to the 10 wells in various West Virginia counties drilled by CNR to date, in an area affected by the Rome trough, which extends from Kentucky to West Virginia, and continues through Pennsylvania to New York.
DOE MAKES THREE AWARDS TO CONVERT MINE EMISSIONS INTO ENERGY
Three projects selected for funding by DOE propose new ways to capture gas released from coal mines and convert it to useful energy, thereby reducing an environmental threat while adding to the nation=s supply of clean natural gas and electric power.
Appalachian-Pacific Coal Mine Methane Power Co., LLC, Arlington, VA will work with Invitation Energy to convert coal mine methane from mines in Marion County, WV into liquified natural gas to fuel heavy trucks. The liquification process uses a refrigeration system known as a TASHER, that is to produce 10,000 gallons of LNG per day at the test site.
Northwest Fuel Development, Inc,. Lake Oswego, OR will build and demonstrate an integrated gas-processing/power generation system at a West Virginia coal mine, where it will produce 500 million cubic feet of pipeline-quality gas and 1.2 megawatts of electricity.
Fuel Cell Energy, Inc., Danbury, CT will field test a fuel cell power plant designed to capture and use coal mine methane emissions from a mine in Cadiz, OH. Fuel Cell Energy plans to operate the plant for 8,000 hours, using 13.6 million cubic feet of methane in the 250-kilowatt plant.